Cooperation is chosen, not imposed

We can say there’s collaboration even in slavery, imposition or manipulation, as people effectively do something together. Lack of personal freedom, and absence of a personal choice in the collaboration make it impossible to transform it into a cooperation: there won’t be enjoyment for some of the participants. It is natural to find high levels of aggression and competition in contexts where there’s imposition or forced behaviour. On the other side, in contexts where cooperation is prevalent, the freedom of choice is complete, and the enjoyment is high.

A tendency to altruism and cooperation is present in every human who is neurologically healthy, since 3 years of age. Some scholars identify the natural tendency directly with cooperation, so a more balanced attitude, altruism being a different form of interaction. Freedom of choice shouldn’t be manipulated or limited by regulations and economic differences, and identity should be highly respected as forcing a different nature in humans restrict their natural attitude or potential in a particular field or skill. Even when this natural predisposition has been inhibited, certain goals may motivate agents to desire a cooperative interaction rather than a conflictual or competitive one anyways. The same punishment by norms isn’t as much good as group identity or social motivations, as even if penalizes cheaters it inhibits the freedom of the participants too, which cannot fully enjoy the cooperation. Although rewards are better than punishments, they can manipulate the human behaviour anyways, leading to corruption and choices not in line with the participant’s identity. Freedom of speech, culture, religion and of any other identity aspect have a positive effect on the diversity potential and also help an identification between the self and the group.